continuação – o homem que quer dominar o mundo

> Alexander Dugin

Aleksandr Gelevich Dugin (Russian: Александр Гельевич Дугин) (Russian scholar, political activist, and founder of the contemporary Russian school of geopolitics often known as “Eurasianism”. He is often seen to be an advocate of National Bolshevism.



Dugin worked as a journalist before becoming involved in politics just after the fall of communism. He helped to write the political programme for the newly refounded Communist Party of the Russian Federation under the leadership of Gennady Zyuganov, producing a document that was more nationalist in tone than Marxist.



Dugin soon began publishing his own journal Elementy which initially began by praising Franco-Belgian neo-fascist Jean_Franois Thiriart. He also sought an alliance with Alain de Benoist although the Frenchman was discouraged by Dugin’s vehement Russian nationalism. Consistently glorifying both Tsarist and Stalinist Russia, Elementy also revealed Dugin’s admiration for Heinrich Himmler and Julius Evola, to name but two. He also played a role in editing the weekly journal Dyen (The Day), a bastion of Russian anti-Semitism. Convinced that National Bolshevism needed its own political movement Dugin talked his close ally Eduard Limonov into leading a new group and so the National Bolshevik Front was born. Dugin then became a prominent member of National Bolshevik Party.



The Eurasia Party, founded by Dugin on the eve of George W. Bush’s visit to Russia at the end of May 2002, is said by some observers to enjoy financial and organizational support from Vladimir Putin’s presidential office. The Eurasia Party also is supported by the leaders of the Muslim, Orthodox Christian, Buddhist, and Jewish faiths in Russia, and the party hopes to play a key role in attempts to resolve the Iran. Dugin’s ideas, particularly those on “a Turkic-Slavic alliance in the Eurasian sphere” have recently become popular among certain nationalistic circles in Turkey.



One of the basic ideas that underpin his theories is that Moscow, Berlin, and Paris form a “natural” geopolitical axis, because a line or axis from Moscow to Berlin will pass through the vicinity of Paris if extended). Dugin’s theories foresee an eternal world conflict between land and sea, and hence, Dugin believes, the US and Russia. He says, “In principle, Eurasia and our space, the heartland Russia, remain the staging area of a new anti-bourgeois, anti-American revolution.” According to his 1997 book, The Basics of Geopolitics, “The new Eurasian empire will be constructed on the fundamental principle of the common enemy: the rejection of Atlanticism, strategic control of the USA, and the refusal to allow liberal values to dominate us. This common civilisational impulse will be the basis of a political and strategic union.”



What has made Dugin notorious is that his thought echoes Hitler’s in certain areas. For example, the second of the party’s principles is “Social Orientation.” This principle begins: “This is a euroasian economy, consisting of capitalism with a national soul and socialistic face”.



He is talking about capitalism based on a combination of nationalism with socialism: this at least resembles “national socialism”, or Nazism. His theories were banned during Soviet times for their links to Nazism. Nowadays, however, his theories have won broad acceptance within the Communist Party.



Dugin does have a healthy respect for Judaism. He is, however, anti-Zionist, which he regards as standing in contradiction to basic Talmudic principles. He also views Israel as a “strategic base for [the] militant Atlantism” promoted by the US and Britain.



Most recently he has criticized the “Euro-Atlantic” involvement in the Ukrainian presidential election as a scheme to create a “cordon sanitaire” around Russia, much like the British attempted after the first world war.





Dugin’s works

Absoliutnaia rodina, Arktogeia-tsentr (1999), ISBN 5818600033

Tampliery proletariata: natsional-bolshevizm i initsiatsiia, Arktogeia (1997), ISBN 5859280173

Osnovy geopolitiki: geopoliticheskoe budushchee Rossii, Arktogeia (1997), ISBN 5859280181

Metafizika blagoi vesti: Pravoslavnyi ezoterizm, Arktogeia (1996), ISBN 5859280165

Misterii Evrazii, Arktogeia (1996), ISBN 5859280157

Konservativnaia revoliutsiia, Arktogeia (1994), ISBN 5859280130

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